- Mouth of brass, or from old Egypt, the negro.1) Son of Eleazar, the high priest (Ex. 6:25). While yet a youth he distinguished himself at Shittim by his zeal against the immorality into which the Moabites had tempted the people (Num. 25:1-9), and thus "stayed the plague" that had broken out among the people, and by which twenty-four thousand of them perished. For his faithfulness on that occasion he received the divine approbation (10-13). He afterwards commanded the army that went out against the Midianites (31:6-8). When representatives of the people were sent to expostulate with the two and a half tribes who, just after crossing Jordan, built an altar and departed without giving any explanation, Phinehas was their leader, and addressed them in the words recorded in Josh. 22:16-20. Their explanation follows. This great altar was intended to be all ages only a witness that they still formed a part of Israel. Phinehas was afterwards the chief adviser in the war with the Benjamites. He is commemorated in Ps. 106:30, 31. (See Ed.)2) One of the sons of Eli, the high priest (1 Sam. 1:3; 2:12). He and his brother Hophni were guilty of great crimes, for which destruction came on the house of Eli (31). He died in battle with the Philistines (1 Sam. 4:4, 11); and his wife, on hearing of his death, gave birth to a son, whom she called "Ichabod," and then she died (19-22).
Easton's Bible Dictionary. M.G. Easton. 1897.
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PHINEHAS — (Heb. פִּנְחָס), name of three biblical figures: (1) Son of eleazar , son of aaron the priest (Ex. 6:25; cf. genealogies in Ezra 7:1–5; I Chron. 5:28–41; 6:35–38). When the Israelites suffered a plague in punishment for indulging in the orgiastic … Encyclopedia of Judaism
PHINEHAS — PHINEHAS, guardian of the Second Temple treasury in the last days of the Temple. Josephus (Wars, 6:387–91) relates that with the seizure of Jerusalem and the Temple (70 C.E.) Phinehas, taken prisoner, disclosed the tunics and girdles worn by the… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Phinehas — or Pinhas (). The Christian book of Revelation mirrors this sentiment (cf. ) Phinehas son of Eleazar appears again in the book of Joshua. When the tribes of Reuben and Gad, together with the half tribe of Manasseh, depart to take possession of… … Wikipedia
Phinehas — noun a) Any of a number of Old Testament men, including a son of Eli and a grandson of Aaron. And this shall be a sign unto thee, that shall come upon thy two sons, on Hophni and Phinehas; in one day they shall die both of them. b) of biblical… … Wiktionary
Phinehas — 1) (fl. ?13th cent BCE) Israelite priest, grandson of Aaron. He slew Zimri and as a reward he and his descendants were granted the priesthood (Numbers 25). He was also given a holding on Mount Ephraim. Phinehas continued to officiate and… … Dictionary of Jewish Biography
Phinehas — 1) A grandson of Aaron, who ministered before the Ark [[➝ ark]] of the Covenant (Judg. 20:28). 2) The younger son of Eli, a priest (1 Sam. 1:3) who failed in his duties (1 Sam. 2:13) and was killed in battle by the Philistines (1 Sam. 4:11) … Dictionary of the Bible
Phinehas ben Jair — (Hebrew: פנחס בן יאיר) was a Tanna of the 4th generation who lived, probably at Lydda, in the second half of the 2nd century. He was the son in law of Shimon bar Yochai and a fellow disciple of Judah I. He was more celebrated for piety than for… … Wikipedia
PHINEHAS BEN JAIR — (second half of second century), tanna renowned both for his saintliness and his ability to work miracles. He was a son in law of Simeon b. Yoḥai , with whom he studied, and achieved a reputation as a keen halakhist (Shab. 33b). Nonetheless, few… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
PHINEHAS BEN JOSEPH HA-LEVI — (13th century), Hebrew poet and paytan in Toledo. According to some scholars Phinehas was the brother of aaron ha Levi of Barcelona to whom the Sefer ha Ḥinnukh is attributed. He was one of the rivals of todros b. judah abulafia in the court of… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Phinehas (disambiguation) — Phinehas, Pinhas, or Pinchas may refer to:Biblical figures*Phinehas, son of Eleazar and grandson of Aaron the High Priest *Phinehas, son of the High Priest Eli. He was a priest at Shiloh, and died when the Philistines captured the Ark of the… … Wikipedia